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Fish, Shellfish & Seafood

Small Gastronomic Glossary

A French-Swedish-English dictionary of food terminology

Liten Gastronomisk Ordlista

Important:

It is often VERY difficult to precisely translate the names of some fish. Fish species are not identical in different parts of the world … and the same name may actually be used for different fish. Or, a fish that you can find in one place may simply not exist in another place and therefore will not have a proper (or well known) name in another language. On top of that, names are not always applied consistently – the same fish may (sometimes) be called differently depending on who is selling it or in which region you are… So, do not take this dictionary as Gospel. We appreciate any help or suggestions to improve it!

Some alternative fish sources:

POISSONNERIEFISKAFFÄRFISHMONGER
ablette, fsiklöjableak (small white river fish)
aiglefin, f (églefin)koljahaddock
aiguillat, mpigghajpiked dogfish
aiguillenäbbgäddaneedle fish
anchois, m“äkta” ansjovis (ej som svensk a.), sardellanchovies
anguille, fåleel
araignée, f (~de mer, crabe ~)spindelkrabbaspider crab
arête, ffiskbenfish bone
bar, m (? loup de mer)havsabborre (silver-grå-blå rygg, vit buk) fr. Atlantenwolffish (Atlantic) (seabass ?)
barbue, fslätvarbrill
belon“platt” ostron från Belon (‘huitre plate’ till skillnad fr. ‘huitre creuse’)shallow oyster from Belon
baudroie, f, boudroie, fmarulkanglerfish
brème, fbraxenbream
brochet, mgäddapike
bulot, m (buccin, bourgot, buccinum undatum)valthornssnäckawhelk (sea snail)
cabillaud, m (=morue fraîche) (?morue)torskcod
calamarbläckfisksquid
carpe, fkarpcarp
carrelet, mrödspättaplaice
chien de mer, mpigghajdogfish
colin, m (merluche, lieu) (?merlu)kummelhake
congre, mhavsålconger eel
coquille Saint Jacques, fpilgrimsmusslascallop
coquillages, m (norm. pl)skaldjurshellfish
coteau, mknvimussal (avlång sorts mussla)razor shell, razor clam
crabe, m (?tourteau)krabbacrab
crevette, fräkaprawn, shrimp
(huitre) creuse, favlångt ostronoblong oyster
crustacés, m (norm. pl), fruits de mer, coquillages, mskaldjurshellfish
darne, f (de saumon)skiva tvärsöver (laxen) laxkotlettslice across the whole fish
daurade, f, dorade, fmedelhavsfisk (guldbrax, havsbrax)sea bream
dorade grise (f)havsrudablack seabream
décortiquéskaladpeeled
désarêté~ fileadwithout fish bones
écailléfjälladscaled
écrevisse, fkräftacray fish, craw fish, yabbi (Australia)
églefin (?aiglefin)
empereur, mkejsarfisk ?beryx fish, sea emperor
en filetfileadfilleted
encornet,mbläckfisk (liten, konisk)squid
escargot, msnigelsnail
espadon, msvärdfiskswordfish
esturgeonstörsturgeon
étrille, fstrandkrabbashore crab
féra, f (corégone)sik (?), en fisk från djupa insjöar, speciellt i Alperna (Lac d’Annecy etc), anses vara mycket brawhitefish (from deep sweet water lakes)
flet commun, mskrubbskäddaflounder
flétan, m (de l’Atlantique)hälleflundra(Atlantic) halibut
flétan noirhellefiskGreenland halibut
fumet, m (~ de poission)fiskbuljongfish stock
grondin, mknorrhanegurnard, gurnet
+hareng, msillherring
+hareng BaltiqueströmmingBaltic herring
+homard, mhummerlobster
huître, mostronoyster
julienne, flånga, vitfisk med mycket ömtåligt köttling
lamproie, f (de mer, de rivière)nejonögalamprey (lampern)
langouste, flangustrock lobster (spiny lobster)
langoustine, fhavskräftascampi/langoustine/Norway lobster
lavaret, msikpollan
lieu, m (jaune)lyrtorskpollack
lieu noir, mgråsej, sejsaithe, coley, coalfish
limande, f (sole limande)sandskäddadab, (lemon sole?)
linguelångaling, stake
lompesjurygg, stenbit (hane), kvabbso (hona)lumpfish, lumpsucker
lotte, f (de mer)(sorts) “havslake”, marulk (exakta överensstämmelsen ar osäker)monkfish
lotte (de rivière)lakeburbot
loubine ? bar
loup, m (? bar)havsabborre fr. Medelhavetseabass (Mediterranean)
loup de mer, mhavskatt, kotlettfiskwolffish
maquereau, mmakrillmackerel
merlan, mvitlingwhiting
merlu(s), m (?colin)kummelhake
merluche, fkabeljo, torkad torsk (e.a.), stockfiskdried cod
morue, f, (sechée) (=merluche, stockfish)saltad och torkad torsk, kabeljodried and salted cod
morue, f, fraîche (? cabillaud)torksk el. lenrimmad (lätt saltad) torskcod, or lightly salted cod
moule, fmussla, blåmusslamussel
mulet, mmultefisk
omble chevalier, mrödingarctic char
oursin, msjöborreurchin
palourde, fvenusmusslaclam
parures (f) de poissonfiskrensfish guts
pavé, m (~ de saumon)tjock skiva tvärs över (lax)filénthick slice across the filet
perche, fabborreperch
perche de nilnilabborre, egyptisk abborrenile perch
pétoncle, m (~petite coquille St Jacques)liten variant av pilgrimsmusslabay scallop
(huitre) plate, frunt/ovalt ostronround or oval oyster
plie, f (~ cynoglosse, ~ grise)rödspättaplaice
poulpe, mbläckfiskoctopus
raie, f (aile de ~)rocka (rockavinge)ray, skate
rascasse, fdrakhuvudfisk, sargassoulk, kungsfisk, uerscorpion fish
rouget, mrödbarb, rödstimmig mullusrouget, red mullet (in some cases red snapper, but that seems to be a much bigger warm water fish)
rouget barbet? (mullus?)red mullet
rouget grondinknot, knorrhanegurnard
rouget de rocherödstrimmig mullussurmullet, (striped) red mullet
saint-pierre, msaktpetersfisk, sorts havsfisk (petrusfisk, sanktperfisk)John Dory
sandre, mgöspike-perch
sardine, fsardinsardine
saumon, mlaxsalmon
sébaste, m (grand s.)kungsfisk, uer, rödfisk, (kolja?)redfish
seiche, fbläckfiskcuttlefish
sole, msjötungasole
sole limande – cf. limande
spratsmåfisk, ofta serverad friterad
thon/steak de thon, mtonfisk, tonfiskskivatuna
tourteau, mkrabbacrab
truite, fregnbåge/forelltrout
truite saumonnéehavsöring (?) (oftast odlad)trout
turbot, mpiggvarturbot
turbotin, mliten piggvarsmall turbot
vidé, adjurtagengutted
vive (grand v.)fjärsing, liten saltgreat weever

Huitres:

  • Plates (“fines” et “spéciales”), “calibres”, classification en taille (poids):
    • Pied de cheval: >160g
    • 0000: 120g-160g
    • 000: 100g-120g
    • 00: 90g-100g
    • 0: ~80g
    • 1: ~70g
    • 2: ~60g
    • 3: ~50g
    • 4: ~40g
    • 5: ~30g
    • 6: ~20g
  • Creuses, “calibres”, classification en taille (poids):
    • 0: >150g
    • 1: 111g-150g
    • 2: 86-110g
    • 3: 66g-85g
    • 4: 46g-65g
    • 5: 30g-45g

Tout sur les huitres: http://terroirs.denfrance.free.fr/s/huitres.html

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This post is also available in: Swedish

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One Response to Fish, Shellfish & Seafood

  1. Rocha C. August 13, 2019 at 01:27 #

    Hello from France ! I you are doing a great job . I just wanted to confirm that “loup” is a synonym for “bar” . It just depends on which region of France you’re coming from. Keep going .

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