Wine technology: wine with gum Arabic

Arab shop

Arab shop

Gum Arabic is, technically, a polysaccharide and a resin like substance from an Arabic acacia tree. Its use is permitted in winemaker. Nothing particularly strange about that. It is a regular food additive with the code E414.

So what is it good for? It has two primary effects in wine: The first is to stabilise the colour, i.e. to avoid unwanted colour changes of the wine. Generally, it is to keep a darker colour of the wine. the other effect is to give the wine somewhat softer tannins and a rounder mouth-feel. It is normally only used in the making of simpler red wines made to be drunk young.

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6 Responses to Wine technology: wine with gum Arabic

  1. Gomme March 18, 2017 at 09:47 #

    But What is differences between Gum arabic and Gum Acacia, is it the same??

    • Gum September 24, 2017 at 16:28 #

      To @gomme; Yes of course both names refer to the same thing: Gum arabic= Arabic gum= Gum acacia.

  2. Kelly Richmond June 7, 2018 at 20:10 #

    are there any wines that do not use gum arabic? I have become allergic to it and love wine, especially red.

  3. Per Karlsson June 7, 2018 at 21:30 #

    In my experience, Kelly, it is quite rarely used, at least if you avoid the really cheap wines.

  4. palaniraj December 18, 2019 at 07:00 #

    what is the percentage to use gum arabic in beverages?

    • Per Karlsson December 18, 2019 at 12:00 #

      Noone knows. Impossible to answer.

      Best guess is, very low.

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